Core Techniques Series

A growing tutorial series which covers the core techniques of scratching, plus a few basic variations. Core techniques can be considered as the basic fundamental scratches from which larger familys of variations can be derived. Typically speaking, the more well versed you become with these fundamentals, the more options you have later on for developing your own techniques.

– chile

 

 

Descriptive number system

I will be using a descriptive numbering system at times within this tutorial to help pinpoint specific sections of the scratches described. The idea of this system is to detail the fader and record conditions at each sounded point of a scratch. The number system allows those not so familiar with TTM to follow a process of understanding the techniques and their notation through written notes.

Example –

flare example

 

0 – Describes the fader and record conditions at the start of the patttern.
1 – Describes the fader and record conditions at the first beat of the pattern.
2 – Describes the fader and record conditions at the second beat of the pattern.
3 – Describes the fader and record conditions at the third beat of the pattern.
4 – Describes the fader and record conditions at the forth beat of the pattern.

 

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Chirps

For technique examples, please refer to the video tutorials at the end of each section.

chirp

 

 

 

0 – Start with fader open at start of sample.
1 – Push sample forward simultaniously closing fader near end of sample.
2 – Open fader simultaneously pulling record back to start of sample.

 

 

 

Variations to consider once you have the motion down –

Grouped chirps – Performing 1, 2,3 or more continual chirps with timed silences to seperate each group.
Chirp tearing – Forward, Reverse or Clover Tears with a click at the same point as a regular chirp gives a wavy chirp effect and changes the rhythm.
Phased Chirp
phase chirp

 

 

0 – Start with the fader closed later into the sample.
1 – Open fader simultaneously pulling record back to just before start of sample.
2 – Push record forward simultaneously closing fader later into the sample.

 

 


Chirping between the start point/further into the sample
– Regular chirps with an extra arm motion to oscillate the regular baby motion between the start point and further into the sample.

 Video Tutorial of examples covered

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Transforms

A series of patterns characterised by closed fader start and end points. Practice over various tempos and try to retain a constant and controlled rhythm on the fader.

Some Transform variations –

Transform Chirps

Transform chirp

 

 

0. Start with fader closed at beginning of sample.
1. Open fader simultaneously pushing record forward then closing fader at end of sample.
2. Open fader simultaneously pulling record back then close fader again at beginning of sample.

 

 

 


4 Forward 4 Back Transform
– A transform pattern for training fader rhythm.
Playing with silence – Once you are able to perform transforms with a constant fader rhythm you can begin to alter the timing of the clicks. Extend silences by keeping the fader closed between constant rhtyhms to break up the pattern potentially adding to the musicality of your transforms.
Creative use of record – Slowing and speeding up record to decrease and increase pitch of transforms; Tazers – Flinging the record with index or middle finger while transform clicking; Turning off platter for more pitch control during transforms.
Dicing – Combining tear patterns with transforming. Fader remains closed at the sample turn and tear points and is open during motion points of the tear.

Video Tutorial of examples covered

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1 Click Flare

flare example

 

0 – Start with fader open at beginning of sample.
1 – Play sample forward and close fader half way through record motion.
2 – Open fader while continuing forward motion then halt record motion.
3 – Reverse sample and close fader half way through record motion.
4 – Open fader and continue reverse motion back to beginning of sample.

 

 

 

A few Variations to try out once you have the motion down –

Half Forward/Reverse 1 click Flares – Removing one of the two clicks in either direction of a 1 click Flare.
Teared 1 click Flares – Forward, reverse & Clover tears underneath a 1 click Flare. Clicks land at the points of a tear.
1 Click Tangent Flares – Teared 1 click Flares with clicks at tangents to each Tear points.
Walking Baby Flare (AKA Toddler Flare) -A Baby scratch followed by a forward record motion with a Flare click, then a reverse baby followed by a reverse record motion containing a Flare click.

Video Tutorial of examples covered

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Original Flare

ogflare

 

0 – Start with fader open at beginning of sample.
1 – play sample forward and close half way through record motion.
2 – Open fader and continue forward motion then halt record motion while simultaneously closing the fader.
3 – Open fader while simultaneously pulling the record back to the beginning of the sample.

 

 

 

 

Variations to consider once you have the motion down –

2nd Phase OG Flare – Perform the same pattern as above but this time start from the instructions at point 2, then 3, then 1.
Reverse OG Flare

 

reverse og flare

 

0 – Start with fader open at beginning of sample.
1 – Push record forward then close fader near the end of sample.
2 – Open fader and reverse the record, closing fader midway through reverse motion.
3 – Open fader continuing reverse record motion until the sample is back to the start position. End with fader open.

 

 

 

 

Teared OG Flares – Tearing at the Flare click sections of an OG Flare.

Video Tutorial of examples covered

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